These tiny little seeds contain more omega-3 than any other plant-based food and can be sprinkled on breakfast cereals, added to smoothies and juices and even used in vegan baking as an egg substitute.
Avocados are packed with 'good fats', the monounsaturated fats associated with good heart health. These good fats also help regulate blood sugar levels, which if not controlled, can contribute to an unhealthy gut and rising levels of inflammation. Avocados are also rich in vitamin E which keeps the immune system healthy and helps protect brain cells.
Cacao is the raw form of chocolate before any of the fats and sugars have been added. It's full of brain-protecting antioxidants and flavanols, which help reduce inflammation. It's a little bitter, so the next best thing is very dark chocolate which has a slightly sweeter taste and still has the inflammation reducing properties.
Green Leafy Vegetables and Broccoli
Kale and spinach are genuinely nutritious and support all round health, and they've been proven to mainly promote brain health by helping to slow down the age-related mental decline. Kale is very high in vitamin K, essential for fighting inflammation. Broccoli not only has high levels of vitamin K, its full of choline which is necessary for neurotransmitters (chemicals which help send signals to and from your brain) involved in memory processes.
Over the years, there have been many studies conducted into the health benefits of caffeine. Numerous studies have found that caffeine, in moderation, i.e. no more than a couple of cups of coffee a day, is linked to a reduced risk of brain inflammation-related conditions such as dementia.
In particular, hazelnuts and walnuts due to their high levels of brain-protecting, inflammation reducing vitamin E and antioxidants.
Ginkgo Biloba and Ginseng
Not strictly foods, instead they are nutritional supplements, both associated with memory and brain health. Ginkgo supports proper circulation to the brain, thus aiding memory. Ginseng also contains phytonutrients (nutrients from plants) which stimulate brain activity.